minimal water

A new way of bathing using mist.

Daily showering takes up half of our daily water consumption and the production of hot water is the second biggest use of energy in the home after heating. Even all wind power generated in 2017 could only provide one in ten people globablly with a daily shower.

Alternative modern bathroom concepts were invented as early as 1936 with Richard Buckminster Fullers Dymaxion bathroom. And further developed in the 70s amongst others by NASA for Skylab, the first space station. Whilst the achieved savings were impressive (the space shower needing 2 litres only), the focus on pure efficiency made them an unpleasant alternative

However, showers are popular not only because they practical, but also since they offer a sensual experience and stress relief. Therefore the aim was to find an optimal balance between efficiency and comfort.

The prototype effectively used 5 times less water than a normal shower head (2l compared to 10l per minute) and 10 times less than a rain shower (20l per minute). Using several nozzles placed strategically around the body improved the comfort significantly to an experience as invigorating as a regular shower.




Low-tech Magazine wrote a fantastic review ->

other publications:



Graduation Project, Design Academy Eindhoven, department Man in Motion

water, energy, concept, prototype, future living, urban, environment

2019
concept sketches
first prototype
elements for a DIY mist shower
minimal water at Dutch Design Week 2019